Heraldic Tour of Malta (3)
Arms of Various Knights
In St. John Co-CathedralOne of the most remarkable aspects of the Co-Cathedral of St. John, originally the conventual church of the Order, is the incredible collection of tombstones. A total of 374 marble tombstones of knights entirely cover the floor of the nave and all the chapels. They range from the early 17th to the early 19th century. The epitaphs are almost all in Latin, and usually accompanied with the arms of the deceased knight and oftentimes an elaborate allegory. The work is done in inlaid marble of color. The result is stunning both in its overall splendor and in infinite detail.
Unfortunately, one is not free to wander over the whole floor; tourists can circulate freely only in the chapels, and even there most of the floor is covered for protection. The nave is roped off during weekdays, which means one can see the whole floor, but cannot look at the tombs one by one. On week-ends chairs are placed in the nave for the faithful.
The excellent guide to the church written by Dominic Cutajar (available in various languages at the bookshop) contains a numbered floor plan of the church and an alphabetical list of all the knights interred, which helped me make identifications when I could not read the epitaph. The author states that no study of the marble inlays has yet been done. He guesses that the inlay was done by local artists on the basis of designs produced by Italian artists. Clearly, as can be seen from the floor of other Maltese churches (particularly the cathedral at Mdina) the tradition continued into the 19th c., long after the knights had left.
Fr. Alexandre de Loubert de Martainville (d. 1749 age 65), in the Oratory.
Fr. Horace de Blacas d'Aulps (d. 9 sept. 1666), in the chapel of Provence. (d'argent à une étoile à seize rayons de gueules.)
Claude de Rouvroy de Saint-Simon (of the dukes of Saint-Simon, as the Latin epitaph states in Italian style; he was the chief of name and arms, the ducal branch being in fact the youngest), born 1694, became a professed knight in 1727, galley captain in 1733, bailiff grand-cross in 1734, general of the galleys in 1735; he held four commanderies in France and was deputy of the grand prior of France Louis-François de Bourbon, prince de Conti.
Fra Henri-Auguste de Béon de Luxembourg (d. 15 Jan 1699). Note the crossed bones beneath the shield, neatly tied together with a ribbon.
Monument of the vicomte de Beaujolais, younger brother of the future Louis-Philippe I, king of the French. The vicomte died on 29 May 1809 and was buried in the co-cathedral. The monument was commissioned by Louis-Philippe in 1843 from the sculptor Jacques Pradier. His arms are shown as the Orléans family arms with no discernable mark of cadency, surmounted by the coronet of a prince of the blood. There is no indication of his membership in the Order.
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